Studying at Oxford

There are many universities, but Oxford retains a special place in the academic landscape of the UK and in the hearts of those who live, study and teach here.

There are even more reasons why Oxford generates such admiration, pride and loyalty. Taken individually, these reasons may not be unique, but when viewed together they form the characteristics that have differentiated the University from all others for hundreds of years and will continue to form the essence of the Oxford experience for years to come.

College system

Every student at Oxford is a member of a college. They are sometimes compared to halls of residence at other universities, but they are so much more besides. Your college will be your home for much of your time at Oxford, providing accommodation, meals, a library and IT support. The relatively small number of students at each college allows for close and supportive personal attention to be given to your induction, academic development and welfare.

Tutorial teaching

‘Tutor’ is Oxford’s name for a member of academic staff. They are often world-leading experts in their field, and tutorials are a chance to get individualised teaching from them. At least once a week in each subject studied, groups of two or three students will spend an hour with their tutor, discussing a topic in depth. This personalised attention means that you will face rigorous academic challenges on a weekly basis, encouraging and facilitating your learning in a way that just isn’t possible in a lecture. It also means that tutors are immediately aware if you need any extra support with any aspect of your course, so they can help you right away.

Financial support

Oxford is strongly committed to this principle: if you are a UK student and have the talent and ability to study with us, you should never be put off from applying for financial reasons. In 2015–16, Oxford is committed to providing generous financial support to students from lower-income households, to ensure they can make the most of what Oxford has to offer.

Career opportunities

Oxford graduates are highly valued by employers for their communication, leadership and problem-solving skills. Hundreds of recruiters visit the University each year, and nearly 95% of all Oxford leavers are in work or further study six months after leaving. The Careers Service can help you find an internship, learn business skills and land your dream job.

5 Reasons to Apply to a Private School

When applying to college, most students take into account three deciding factors: academics, finances and campus life. But what does it mean to attend a public school over one that is privately funded?

Applying to a private school can be daunting for families, especially for those unclear on the true cost of college, but there are many benefits that override the high tuition costs. According to the National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities, nearly 90% of students at private colleges receive financial aid, and 79% of students graduate in four years, compared to 49% at public colleges. To learn about other benefits, NerdScholar asked the experts for the top five reasons students should apply to private schools.

  1. Financial stability helps students to graduate in four years.

Private schools are largely funded by tuition and donations from outside sources. “Private colleges are often a ‘better deal’ financially than public universities. They often provide enough grant and scholarship aid to offset the sticker-price differential,” says Chris Hooker-Haring, the dean of admission and financial aid at Muhlenberg College. “When you add the fact that they are graduating students in a four-year time frame at a much higher rate, the financial equation often tilts in favor of the private colleges.”

  1. Educational curriculum is flexible and innovative.

Private schools are free of state regulations and can therefore craft programs that are best for the school and the student body. “It may seem simple, but attending a private college or university allows for a higher level of flexibility in a student’s educational curriculum. Professors and academics at private colleges are not required to submit their syllabi to a state legislature for approval and/or discussion; they are permitted to update their syllabus to feature study of current events in real time,” says Matthew Barsalou, communication management supervisor at Trinity University.

  1. Close interaction among students and with professors.

“Private colleges and universities provide students with the greater opportunity for an educational experience that takes place in a learning community with smaller class sizes,” says George Walter, vice president of enrollment services at La Salle University. Students in private schools are less likely to be in large classes taught by teaching assistants, because professors are willing and able to teach their lectures. “In addition,” says Walter, “there is a greater level of personalized support services for students outside of the classroom.” In their free time, professors could serve as academic and professional mentors to students.

  1. Campus culture tailored to students’ values and personalities.

Each private school has a campus culture that reflects the student body and all of its unique qualities. Steve Langerud, director of global development at Maharishi University of Management, says that a benefit of private education is “matching a culture to your goals, values and personality. Private colleges are often more clear and distinctive in their culture. Finding the right fit is an important part of a college experience and preparation for life after college.”

  1. Job preparation through critical thinking and perspective.

Private schools seek to prepare students for the real world by teaching them life skills that will ensure success in any job market. Private colleges “stress perspective, critical thinking and learning how to learn,” says José Antonio Bowen, president of Goucher College. He adds that “private colleges prepare students to explore the unknowns they will encounter in their careers, where they will be required to analyze new information and reinterpret what they know and how they apply that knowledge.”

University of Chicago

The University of Chicago (U of C, UChicago, or simply Chicago) is a private research university in Chicago, Illinois. The university consists of the College of the University of Chicago, various graduate programs and interdisciplinary committees organized into four divisions, six professional schools, and a school of continuing education. A highly regarded university internationally, beyond traditional academia, Chicago is also well known for its professional schools, which include the Pritzker School of Medicine, the Booth School of Business, the Law School, and the Divinity School. The university enrolls approximately 5,000 students in the College and about 15,000 students overall.

University of Chicago scholars have played a major role in the development of various academic disciplines, including: the Chicago school of economics, the Chicago school of sociology, the law and economics movement in legal analysis,[6] the Chicago school of literary criticism, the Chicago school of religion, the school of political science known as behavioralism.The physics leading to the world’s first man-made, self-sustaining nuclear reaction took place here.[9] The university is also home to the University of Chicago Press, the largest university press in the United States.

Founded by the American Baptist Education Society with a donation from oil magnate and philanthropist John D. Rockefeller, the University of Chicago was incorporated in 1890; William Rainey Harper became the university’s first president in 1891, and the first classes were held in 1892. Both Harper and future president Robert Maynard Hutchins advocated for Chicago’s curriculum to be based upon theoretical and perennial issues rather than applied sciences and commercial utility.

The University of Chicago is home to many prominent alumni. 89 Nobel laureates have been affiliated with the university as visiting professors, students, faculty, or staff, the fourth most of any institution in the world. In addition, Chicago’s alumni include 49 Rhodes Scholars, 2 Fields Medalists, 13 National Humanities Medalists  and 13 billionaire graduates.

The academic bodies of the University of Chicago consist of the College, four divisions of graduate research, six professional schools, and the Graham School of Continuing Liberal and Professional Studies (a continuing education school). The university also contains a library system, the University of Chicago Press, the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools, and the University of Chicago Medical Center, and holds ties with a number of independent academic institutions, including Fermilab, Argonne National Laboratory, and the Marine Biological Laboratory. The university is accredited by The Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools.

The university runs on a quarter system in which the academic year is divided into four terms: Summer (June–August), Autumn (September–December), Winter (January–March), and Spring (April–June). Full-time undergraduate students take three to four courses every quarter[80] for approximately eleven weeks before their quarterly academic breaks. The school year typically begins in late September and ends in mid-June.

Undergraduate college

The College of the University of Chicago grants Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees in 50 academic majors and 28 minors.The college’s academics are divided into five divisions: the Biological Sciences Collegiate Division, the Physical Sciences Collegiate Division, the Social Sciences Collegiate Division, the Humanities Collegiate Division, and the New Collegiate Division. The first four are sections within their corresponding graduate divisions, while the New Collegiate Division administers interdisciplinary majors and studies which do not fit in one of the other four divisions.

Undergraduate students are required to take a distribution of courses to satisfy the university’s core curriculum known as the Common Core. In 2012-2013, the Core classes at Chicago were limited to 17 students, and are generally led by a full-time professor (as opposed to a teaching assistant). As of the 2013–2014 school year, 15 courses and demonstrated proficiency in a foreign language are required under the Core.[86] Undergraduate courses at the University of Chicago are known for their demanding standards, heavy workload and academic difficulty; according to Uni in the USA, “Among the academic cream of American universities – Harvard, Yale, Princeton, MIT, and the University of Chicago – it is UChicago that can most convincingly claim to provide the most rigorous, intense learning experience.”

Graduate schools and committees

The university graduate schools and committees are divided into four divisions: Biological Sciences, Humanities, Physical Sciences, and Social Sciences. In the autumn quarter of 2014, the university enrolled 3,468 graduate students: 461 in the Biological Sciences Division, 819 in the Humanities Division, 1,024 in the Physical Sciences Division, and 1,164 in the Social Sciences Division.

The university is home to several committees for interdisciplinary scholarship, including the Committee on Social Thought.

Professional schools

The university contains six professional schools: the Pritzker School of Medicine (which is a part of the Biological Sciences Division), the Booth School of Business, the Law School, the Divinity School, the Harris School of Public Policy Studies, and the School of Social Service Administration (SSA). The total enrollment for these six professional schools was 5,086 students in the 2009 spring quarter: 2,878 students in the business school, 344 in the Divinity School, 452 in the medical school, 269 in the Harris School, 494 in SSA, and 649 in the Law School.

The Law School is accredited by the American Bar Association, the Divinity School is accredited by the Commission on Accrediting of the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada, Pritzker is accredited by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education.

University of Alabama School of Medicine

The University of Alabama School of Medicine at UAB, or UAB School of Medicine as it is more commonly known, is a public medical school located in Birmingham, Alabama with branch campuses in Huntsville, Montgomery, and at the University of Alabama College of Community Health Sciences in Tuscaloosa. Residency programs are also located in Selma, Huntsville and Montgomery.


The School of Medicine at UAB can trace its roots back to the 1859 founding of the Medical College of Alabama in Mobile, Alabama. By the early 1900s, the work of Abraham Flexner led to the move of the medical school to Tuscaloosa to become closer affiliated with the University of Alabama. That move of the college from Mobile to Tuscaloosa took effect in 1920. In 1936, the University of Alabama Extension Center was opened in Birmingham because of the recent population growth there. In 1943, Governor Chauncey Sparks created the four-year Medical College of Alabama with the passage of the Jones Bill (Alabama Act 89). In 1944, Dr. Roy R. Kracke was named dean of the Medical College of Alabama and began assembling teaching staff. In 1945, the Medical College of Alabama was moved from Tuscaloosa to Birmingham and the University’s Medical Center was founded. Later, in November 1966, the Extension Center and the Medical Center were merged to form the “University of Alabama in Birmingham,” an organizational component of The University of Alabama. In 1969, UAB became an independent institution, one of three autonomous universities within the newly created University of Alabama System. The university’s name was changed in 1984 from the “University of Alabama in Birmingham” to the “University of Alabama at Birmingham.”

The School of Medicine has nearly 900 students and 1,200 residents and fellows, 1,100 faculty in 23 academic departments and more than 1,100 full-time faculty who attract more than $200 million in NIH funding. The UAB School of Medicine is home of The Kirklin Clinic, a multi-disciplinary medical home; University Hospital, one of the largest academic hospitals in the country; and faculty serve the new Children’s of Alabama hospital.

Regional and national emergence

Dr. Tinsley R. Harrison became dean of the new medical school and chairman of the Department of Medicine in 1950. Dr. Harrison began a program of recruitment aimed at making the school a major research and health care center.

In 1966, Dr. John W. Kirklin joined UAB as chairman of the Department of Surgery and Surgeon-In-Chief for University Hospital. Dr. Kirklin brought his knowledge and expertise from Mayo Clinic down to Alabama. He was most noted for revolutionizing cardiovascular surgery through his development and refinement of the heart-lung machine.  From his legacy, the University of Alabama School of Medicine and the hospital have continued to be leaders in the healthcare industry.


Selwyn Vickers, M.D.

On Aug. 15, 2013, UAB announced Selwyn Vickers, M.D., would be the next senior vice president for Medicine and dean of the School of Medicine effective Oct. 15, 2013. Vickers, 53, spent his formative years as a young faculty member at UAB, beginning in 1994, and he directed the section of gastrointestinal surgery from 2000 to 2006. He is currently the Jay Phillips Professor and Chair of the Department of Surgery at the University of Minnesota Medical School.

Anupam Agarwal, M.D., served as interim dean of the School of Medicine for eight months from February to October 2013 after Ray Watts, M.D., former dean of the School of Medicine, was named the seventh president of UAB in January 2013. Agarwal returned to his position as director of the Division of Nephrology and vice chair for research in the Department of Medicine on Oct. 15, 2013.


The main campus of the School of Medicine at UAB is located in Birmingham. All students complete their first two years at the main campus in Birmingham. The remaining two years can be completed in Birmingham or at one of three branch campuses in Tuscaloosa, Montgomery or Huntsville.


In 1974 the University of Alabama created the College of Community Health Sciences. This is a college organized under the University of Alabama, and in conjunction with the University of Alabama School of Medicine provides medical education for the 3rd and 4th years of students who choose to study in Tuscaloosa.


The School of Medicine maintains a branch campus in Huntsville affiliated with Huntsville Hospital. The Huntsville campus was originally a part of the University of Alabama in Huntsville, however in 1974 UAB assumed control over the Huntsville program.


UAB’s Montgomery campus is a collaborative effort among UAB, Baptist Health and the city of Montgomery. Beginning in May 2014, 10 third-year medical students will begin taking classes in Montgomery. In 2015, the incoming class size will expand to 20.


For the class entering in 2013, the average MCAT score was 30.0 and the median undergraduate GPA was a 3.72.  Of this same year 2,866 applied, 373 were interviewed, 267 were accepted, and 185 matriculated.


In 1960, Dr. Basil Hirschowitz was the first to explore the stomach with his new invention, the fiber optic endoscope, which is now in the Smithsonian Institution.

UAB heart surgeon, the late John W. Kirklin, developed a computerized intensive care unit that became a model for modern ICUs around the world. They help improve care and reduce complications. Kirklin initially gained fame by improving the safety and usefulness of the heart-lung bypass pump.

The Diabetes Research and Education Hospital was dedicated in March 1973, as the first public, university-affiliated diabetes hospital in the nation.

In 1977, Dr. Richard Whitley administered systemic antiviral for the treatment of the deadly HSV (herpes simplex virus) encephalitis, leading to the world’s first effective treatment for a viral disease.

The first use in the United States of color doppler echocardiography for visualizing internal cardiac structures was introduced by Dr. Navin C. Nanda and occurred at UAB Hospital in 1984.

In 1986, Dr. Thomas N. James, then chairman of UAB’s Department of Medicine, presided over the tenth World Congress of Cardiology held in Washington, DC.

World’s first genetically engineered mouse-human monoclonal antibody was used at University Hospital in the treatment of cancer in 1987.

Dr. John Richard Montgomery, known for co-implementing the environmental bubble used to protect David Vetter, has served as the chief of pediatric programs at the Huntsville campus.

The first simultaneous heart-kidney transplant in the Southeast was performed at UAB by Drs. David C. McGiffin and David Laskow in 1995.

The journal Science named three UAB faculty, Drs. Michael Saag, George Shaw, and Beatrice Hahn, among the top 10 AIDS researchers in the country, and highlighted the AIDS research program at UAB in 1996.

The AIDS Vaccine Evaluation Unit (AVEU) became the first evaluation unit to enter a Phase III trail of an AIDS vaccine in 1999.

UAB’s Kidney Transplantation Program is the world’s leading transplant program, with more than 5,000 transplants being performed since 1968. In each of the last seven years, more kidney transplants have been performed at UAB than at any other institution in the world. UAB is also a national leader in other organ transplants.

The UAB AIDS Center was the first to perform clinical trails of the protease inhibitor Indinavir (Crixivan), one of the first protease inhibitors used in the [triple drug cocktail] to fight HIV.

UAB researchers were the first to discover the protein that led to the development of the now well-known drug Viagra, causing what some have called the second sexual revolution.

UAB hosts one of only 45 Medical Scientist Training Programs in the country. A highly selective program funded by grants from the National Institutes of Health, the UAB MSTP offers students the ability to earn both an MD and a PhD during a 6-8 year time period. During this time, all tuition is waived and a stipend of $25,000 per year is awarded. Generally, 6-10 students per year are admitted to the program.


In the 2012 edition of US News and World Report, the University of Alabama School of Medicine was ranked No. 30 nationally in research and No. 10 nationally in primary care

Five medical specialties at UAB are ranked in the top 20 nationally by the magazine: AIDS, 4th; women’s health, 8th; internal medicine 18th; geriatrics, 19th; and pediatrics, 19th. The school’s primary care program was ranked 34th.

Richmond The American University in London

Richmond, The American International University in London is a private, liberal arts and professional studies university established in 1972 in Richmond, London. The university’s degrees are accredited in the USA by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education, and are validated in the UK by the Open University Validation Services (OUVS).Richmond hopes to achieve taught degree awarding powers (TDAP) by 2016. It is also one of eight members of the newly formed Independent Universities Group, whose objective is to differentiate between their academic credentials and the more commercial elements of the alternative sector.


The university is split between two campuses, both in the Greater London area: the Richmond campus, located near the crest of Richmond Hill and approximately 1.5 miles (2.4 km) from Richmond station, and the Kensington campus, located at a point equidistant between Kensington High Street and Cromwell Road. The Richmond campus is the primary residence of undergraduate students, especially freshman who have just enrolled at the university; its facade is a major symbol of the school and appears on almost all promotional literature. The school’s headquarters and admissions department are also located here. The Kensington campus, in reality, is a closely grouped set of buildings rather than a campus. It is where many of the upper-level undergraduate students reside. Both campuses are reasonably close to London Underground stations and the Richmond campus is served by the London Buses 371 route. Access to the town of Kingston can be made using this route.


Institutions that have degree-awarding powers in the UK are known as “recognised bodies”. There are also “listed bodies” which do not have degree awarding powers but provide complete courses leading to recognized UK degrees, validated by institutions which have degree-awarding powers. The Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills has Richmond University as a “listed body”. The degrees granted at Richmond are validated by the Open University Validation Services.

Richmond is accredited by the Commission on Higher Education of the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools,[10] an institutional accrediting body recognized by the United States Department of Education. Richmond is licensed to award Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Master and PhD of Arts, and the Master of Business Administration degrees by the Department of Education in the State of Delaware. Its awards in the United Kingdom are overseen by the Open University, which is a recognised body.

American University

American University (AU or American) is a private, coeducational, liberal arts curriculum, doctoral, and research-based university in Washington, D.C., United States, affiliated with the United Methodist Church, although the university’s curriculum is secular. The university was chartered by an Act of Congress on February 24, 1893 as “The American University,” when the bill was approved by President Benjamin Harrison. Roughly 7,200 undergraduate students and 5,230 graduate students are currently enrolled. AU is a member of the Consortium of Universities of the Washington Metropolitan Area. A member of the Division I Patriot League, its sports teams compete as the American University Eagles. AU’s 84-acre campus is designated as a national arboretum and public garden that has a rich botanical history. American’s main campus is located at the intersection of Nebraska and Massachusetts Avenues at Ward Circle in the Spring Valleyneighborhood of Northwest Washington. The area is served by the Tenleytown-AU station on the Washington Metro subway line in the nearby neighborhood of Tenleytown.

AU was named the most politically active school in the nation in The Princeton Review’s annual survey of college students in 2008, 2010, and 2012. American University is especially known for promoting international understanding reflected in the diverse student body from more than 150 countries, the university’s course offerings, the faculty’s research, and from the regular presence of world leaders on its campus. The university has six unique schools, including the well-regarded School of International Service(SIS), currently ranked 8th in the world for its graduate programs and 9th in the world for its undergraduate program in International Affairs by Foreign Policy, and the Washington College of Law.

Hurst Hall, is the oldest building on campus. Originally the history department, it now houses the Department of Biology and Environmental Studies

The American University was established in the District of Columbia by an Act of Congress on December 5, 1892, primarily due to the efforts of Methodist bishop John Fletcher Hurst.


After more than three decades devoted principally to securing financial support, the university was officially dedicated on May 15, 1914. The first instruction began on October 6 of that year, when 28 students were enrolled (19 of them graduate students, nine of them special students who were not candidates for a degree). The First Commencement, at which no degrees were awarded, was held on June 2, 1915. The Second Annual Commencement was held on June 2, 1916 where the first degrees (one master’s degree and two doctor’s degrees) were awarded.

Birthplace of Army Chemical Corps

Shortly after these early commencement ceremonies, classes were interrupted by war. During World War I, the university allowed the U.S. military to use some of its grounds for testing. In 1917, the U.S. military divided American University into two segments, Camp American University andCamp Leach. Camp American University became the birthplace of the United States’ chemical weapons program, and chemical weapons were tested on the grounds; this required a major cleanup effort in the 1990s. Camp Leach was home to advanced research, development and testing of modern camouflage techniques. As of 2014, the Army Corps of Engineers is still removing ordnance including mustard gas and mortar shells.

During the next ten years, instruction was offered at the graduate level only, in accordance with the original plan of the founders. In the fall of 1925, the College of Liberal Arts (subsequently named the College of Arts and Sciences) was established. Since that date, the University has offered both undergraduate and graduate degrees and programs. In 1934, the School of Public Affairs was founded. During World War II, the campus again offered its services to the U.S. government and became home to the U.S. Navy Bomb Disposal School and a WAVE barracks. For AU’s role in these wartime efforts, the Victory ship SS American Victory was named in honor of the university.


President John F. Kennedy delivers the commencement address at American University, June 10, 1963

The present structure of the university began to emerge in 1949. The Washington College of Law became part of the University in that year, having begun in 1896 as the first coeducational institution for the professional study of law in the District of Columbia. Shortly thereafter, three departments were reorganized as schools: the School of Business Administration in 1955 (subsequently named the Robert P. and Arlene R. Kogod College of Business Administration and in 1999 renamed the Kogod School of Business); the School of Government and Public Administration in 1957; and the School of International Service in 1958.

In the early 1960s, the Department of Defense and the Central Intelligence Agency operated a think tank under the guise of Operation Camelot at American University. The government abandoned the think tank after the operation came to public attention. AU’s political intertwinement was furthered by President John F. Kennedy’s Spring 1963 commencement address. In the speech, Kennedy called on the Soviet Union to work with the United States to achieve a nuclear test ban treaty and to reduce the considerable international tensions and the specter of nuclear war during that juncture of the Cold War.

From 1965 to 1977, the College of Continuing Education existed as a degree-granting college with responsibility for on- and off-campus adult education programs. The Lucy Webb Hayes School of Nursing provided undergraduate study in Nursing from 1965 until 1988. In 1972, the School of Government and Public Administration, the School of International Service, the Center for Technology and Administration, and the Center for the Administration of Justice (subsequently named the School of Justice) were incorporated into the College of Public and International Affairs.

The University bought the Immaculata Campus in 1986 to alleviate space problems. This would later become Tenley Campus. In 1986, construction on the Adnan Khashoggi Sports and Convocation Center began. Financed with $5 million from and named for Saudi Arabian Trustee Adnan Khashoggi, the building was intended to update athletics facilities and provide a new arena, as well as a parking garage and office space for administrative services. Costing an estimated $19 million, the building represented the largest construction project to date, but met protest by both faculty and students to the University’s use of Khashoggi’s name on the building due to his involvement in international arms trade.

In 1988, the College of Public and International Affairs was reorganized to create two free-standing schools: the School of International Service and the School of Public Affairs, incorporating the School of Government and Public Administration and the School of Justice. That same year, construction on the Adnan Khashoggi Sports Center completed while the Iran-Contra Affair controversy was at its height although his name remained on the building until after Khashoggi defaulted on his donation obligation in the mid to late 1990s.


The American University flag

The School of Communication became independent from the College of Arts and Sciences in 1993.

In 1997, American University of Sharjah, the only coeducational, liberal arts university in the United Arab Emirates, signed a two-year contract with AU to provide academic management, a contract which has since been extended multiple times through August 2009. A team of senior AU administrators relocated to Sharjah to assist in the establishment of the university and guide it through the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools accreditation process.

In 2003, American launched the largest fund raising campaign in its history. The program, ANewAU,has a goal of raising $200 million. As of October 2009, the University had raised $189.6 million. When the campaign is completed, the University’s website stated that it would “help to attract and retain the finest faculty, increase scholarship support, create and endow research and policy centers, ensure state-of-the-art resources in all of our schools and colleges, expand global programs, and secure the long-term financial health of the university by boosting the endowment.”

In the fall of 2005, the new Katzen Arts Center opened.

Benjamin Ladner was suspended from his position as president of the university on August 24, 2005, pending an investigation into possible misuse of university funds for his personal expenses. University faculty passed votes of no confidence in President Ladner on September 26.On October 10, 2005, the Board of Trustees of American University decided that Ladner would not return to American University as its president. Dr. Cornelius M. Kerwin, a long-time AU administrator, served as interim president and was appointed to the position permanently on September 1, 2007, after two outsiders declined an offer from the Board of Trustees. According to The Chronicle of Higher Education, Ladner received a total compensation of $4,270,665 in his final year of service, the second highest of any university president in the United States.

Ground was broken for the new School of International Service building on November 14, 2007 and completed in 2010. A speech was given by Senator Daniel K. Inouye (D-HI).


Aerial view of main campus

American University has two non-contiguous campuses used for academics and student housing: the main campus on Massachusetts Avenue, and the Tenley Campus on Nebraska Avenue. An additional facility houses the Washington College of Law, located half a mile northwest of the main campus on Massachusetts Avenue. Additionally, AU owns several other buildings in the Tenleytown and Spring Valley, and American University Park areas.

Main campus

The first design for campus was done by Frederick Law Olmsted but was significantly modified over time due to financial constraints. The campus occupies 84 acres (340,000 m²) adjacent to Ward Circle, the intersection of Nebraska and Massachusetts Avenues. AU’s campus is predominantly surrounded by the affluent residential neighborhoods characteristic of the Northwest Quadrant of Washington, D.C. Highlights of the campus include a main quadrangle surrounded by academic buildings, nine residential halls, a 5,000-seat arena, and an outdoor amphitheatre. The campus has been designated a public garden and arboretum by the American Public Garden Association, with many foreign and exotic plants and trees dotting the landscape.

Benefits of summer college classes

With the spring semester quickly drawing to a close, most college students are focused on studying for their final exams. After all, once finals week ends, there is nothing left to do but enjoy the summer.

However, certain college students choose to continue taking classes for all or part of the summer. In recent years, summer terms have become an increasingly popular academic option for students who are looking to remain productive even after the standard collegiate year concludes.

Summer courses usually cover the same amount of material discussed in a standard college semester, but in a shortened period of time. Most schools divide the summer into two sessions — one beginning at the end of May and ending in early July, and the other starting in early July and ending in mid-August. The typical summer class is approximately six weeks in length, but some schools offer shortened four-week sessions and/or extended eight- to ten-week sessions.

Besides going to class while most of your friends are headed to the beach, there are several other challenges associated with summer courses. With a typical semester’s class material squeezed into less than half the time, some students may have trouble keeping up. In addition, summer course offerings are more limited in selection than those offered during the standard fall and spring semesters.

Despite the challenges of taking summer college classes, there are also some advantages. If you find one or two summer courses you’d like to take, and think that you can handle their accelerated format, consider registering for the term. Here are three major benefits of doing so:


Before the summer term begins, review your school’s course offerings. Look for any classes that you still need to complete in order to fulfill your degree. If you’re currently behind in your program of study, taking summer courses is a great way to catch up. Most colleges predominantly offer high-demand classes during the summer – the same classes that you may have had to forego during the fall or spring semester because they were full.

Summer courses are a great idea even if you are on schedule to graduate. If you would like to work ahead or lighten your standard semester load, taking one or more summer college classes can help you do so. For instance, many prerequisite or general education courses are commonly offered during the summer term.


Summer courses are typically smaller in size than classes available during the traditional academic year. (This is due to lower summer enrollment numbers). Thus, one benefit of the summer term is its increased student-professor interaction.

With a smaller class size, your professor can give you more personal attention. This can be quite beneficial, especially if you initially find it difficult to adjust to the accelerated pace of a summer session course and require help. The more intimate learning environment may just help you excel, especially in more challenging classes.


During the summer term, you will likely be limited in the number of credits you can take. With a reduced course load, you will be able to focus more on the class or classes you’re enrolled in. This can be especially useful if you hope to ace a notoriously difficult course, like organic chemistry or calculus.

Hamilton College (New York)

Hamilton College is a private liberal arts college in Clinton, New York, United States. Founded as a boys’ school in 1793, it was chartered as Hamilton College in 1812. It has been coeducational since 1978, when it merged with its sister school Kirkland College. Hamilton is sometimes referred to as the “College on the Hill”. Hamilton was 15th among “National Liberal Arts Colleges” in the 2015 U.S. News & World Report rankings.


Hamilton College as painted from a hot-air balloon by watercolor artist Richard Rummell in the early 1900s.

Hamilton began in 1793 as the Hamilton-Oneida Academy, a seminary founded by Rev. Samuel Kirkland, a Presbyterian minister, as part of his missionary work with the Oneida tribe. The seminary admitted both white and Oneida boys. Kirkland named it in honor of Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton, who was a member of the first Board of Trustees of the Hamilton-Oneida Academy.

The Academy became Hamilton College in 1812, making it the third oldest college in New York after Columbia and Union, after it expanded to a four-year college curriculum. By the end of the century, its colorful ninth President M. Woolsey Stryker distanced Hamilton from the Presbyterian Church (although he was a minister of that denomination and published many hymns), and sought to make it a more secular institution.

In 1978, the all-male Hamilton College merged with the women’s Kirkland College, founded by Hamilton across the road in the 1960s. The merger provoked controversy, particularly since Hamilton refused to provide assistance with Kirkland’s debt burden. Hamilton publicly justified the merger as prompted by its desire for co-education. The merger took nearly 7 years to complete; women could still receive a Kirkland diploma instead of a Hamilton diploma until 1979.

The original Hamilton campus is often called the “light side” or “north side” of campus. The original side of campus was once called “Stryker Campus” after its former president, Melancthon Woolsey Stryker[6] (misspelled “Striker Campus”). On the other side of College Hill Road, the original Kirkland campus is called the “dark side” or the “south side.”

Since the 1970s, Hamilton has been a member of the New England Small College Athletic Conference (or the NESCAC) (despite technically being outside New England). This conference also includes Amherst, Bates, Bowdoin, Colby, Connecticut College, Middlebury, Trinity, Tufts, Wesleyan, and Williams. Rivalries with many of these schools, Middlebury in particular, predate the conference.


Hamilton currently offers the Bachelor of Arts degree in any of over 50 areas of concentration. Additionally, Hamilton students may study abroad. The College runs programs in China, France, and Spain, as well as domestic programs in New York City and Washington, DC. Hamilton is well known for its “open” curriculum, for which there are no distributional requirements; students have nearly total freedom over their course selection. While there are no distribution requirements, students do have to complete a quantitative and symbolic reasoning requirement (which can be fulfilled through courses in a variety of departments), a writing requirement (for which students must take at least three writing intensive courses). The college has long adhered to an academic honor code. Every student matriculating at Hamilton must sign a pledge to observe the Honor Code, and many examinations are not proctored. Hamilton has been part of the SAT optional movement for undergraduate admission since 2002. Hamilton gives applicants different ways to meet the Standardized Testing Requirements, including a choice of SAT I, ACT and combination of three SAT IIs. For the Class of 2014, of those who had high schools that ranked, 80% of the students were in the top ten percent of their class. Among those who submitted SAT I scores (majority), the average was 1410 for combined reading and math, and 710 for the writing section.

Davidson College

Davidson College is a private liberal arts college in Davidson, North Carolina. The college has graduated 23 Rhodes Scholars. In the past decade, Davidson has consistently been ranked among the best liberal arts colleges in the country by U.S. News & World Report. Forbes ranked Davidson 22nd overall in their “America’s Top Colleges” list in 2014, and 1st among southern colleges. Majors are offered in more than twenty fields; Davidson also offers several minors and self-designed interdisciplinary options.


Admissions profile

Numerous magazines such as Princeton Review and U.S. News & World Report regard Davidson’s admission process as “most selective”. The Davidson College Office of Admission & Financial Aid presents the college as one “dedicated to intellectual and cultural growth in the broadest sense.” Davidson prides itself on a student body chosen not only for their academic promise, but also for their character.

“Faculty and admission personnel work together to select students for admission. The selection process is composed of three major elements: 1) the evaluation of academic performance and potential; 2) the assessment of individual characteristics; and 3) the recognition of outstanding interests, achievements, and activities. These three elements are used to gain an understanding of each student’s academic and personal strengths and, thus, give an overall evaluation of the individual’s eligibility for admission.”

For the class of 2018 (enrolled fall 2014), Davidson received 5,560 applications and accepted 1,200 (21.6%).[10] The yield rate (the percentage of accepted students who enroll) was 42.3%. In terms of class rank, 85% of enrolled freshmen reporting rank were in the top 10% of their high school classes. The middle 50% range of SAT scores for admitted students was 640–750 for critical reading, 650–750 for math, and 650–750 for writing, while the ACT Composite range was 30–34. Caucasians represented 67.9% of the incoming class, and 38.9% of enrolled freshmen were from the Southeast.


The 2015 annual ranking by U.S. News & World Report rates it as tied for the 11th best among “National Liberal Arts Colleges” and 3rd in “Best Undergraduate Teaching” in the nation. For 2014, Davidson College was ranked 22nd overall on Forbes ‘ list of “America’s Top Colleges,” and 1st in the South.

According to The Princeton Review, Davidson is ranked among the top twenty colleges nationally for the following categories: “Best Overall Academic Experience For Undergraduates,” “Professors Get High Marks (#1),” “Professors Make Themselves Accessible (#16),” “Students Study the Most (#10),” “School Runs Like Butter (#4),” “Town-Gown Relations are Great (#3),” “Easiest Campus to Get Around (#3),” and “Best Quality of Life (#16).”


Davidson has a student-faculty ratio of 10:1, 89% of its classes are under 30 students, and no classes have more than 50 students.

Davidson has 170 full-time faculty members. Almost all faculty members have terminal degrees in their field, with 96% of full-time faculty members holding a PhD or a terminal degree.

Honor code

Davidson students are bound by a strict honor code, signed by each student at the start of their Freshman year.

The Davidson College Honor Code states: “Every student shall be honor bound to refrain from cheating (including plagiarism). Every student shall be honor bound to refrain from stealing. Every student shall be honor bound to refrain from lying about College business. Every student shall be honor bound to report immediately all violations of the Honor Code of which the student has first-hand knowledge; failure to do so shall be a violation of the Honor Code. Every student found guilty of a violation shall ordinarily be dismissed from the College. Every member of the College community is expected to be familiar with the operation of the Honor Code.”

As one of the most obvious manifestations of the Honor Code, Davidson students take self-scheduled, unproctored final exams. Some exams (known as “reviews” in Davidson vernacular) are take-home, timed, and closed book. Other take-home exams may be open book or untimed. Often take-home exams may take students days to complete. Every assignment submitted at Davidson includes either an implicit or (more often) explicit pledge that the student neither gave nor received assistance on the assignment beyond the bounds of the Honor Code. The Honor Code extends beyond ‘reviews,’ essays, or research papers. Notes around campus are commonly seen, whether on a bulletin board or taped to a brick walkway, describing an item found at the location and the finder’s contact information so that the property may be recovered.

Majors and Minors

Davidson offers majors in 27 subject areas. Students can also design their own major through the Center for Interdisciplinary Studies. In addition to the one major required for graduation, students may pursue a second major, a minor, or a concentration. 17 Interdisciplinary concentrations are offered in Archaeology, Applied Mathematics, Asian Studies, Biochemistry, Computer Science, Education, Environmental Studies, Ethnic Studies, Film and Media, Gender Studies, Genomics, International Studies, Medical Humanities and Neuroscience. In February 2002, the Royal Shakespeare Company opened the Duke Family Performance Hall, one of the premier performance spaces in the Southeast. In 2007 and 2008, the Cunningham Fine Arts building, home to several smaller performance spaces, faculty offices, classrooms and set construction facilities, was completely renovated.

Davidson’s former President, Tom Ross, has repeatedly credited Davidson’s Classics Abroad program with redirecting his life. Begun by Professor George Labban in the 1960s, the program has survived the retirement of Labban and his successor Dirk French. Presently, it is the most popular of the college’s study abroad programs, along with the Semester in India program. Davidson students may also take advantage of the wealth of outside study abroad programs available, applying their Davidson financial aid package to their program of choice.

University of Windsor

The University of Windsor (U of W or UWindsor) is a public comprehensive and research university in Windsor, Ontario, Canada.


It is Canada’s southernmost university. It has a student population of approximately 15,000 full-time and part-time undergraduate students and over 1000 graduate students. The University of Windsor has graduated more than 100,000 alumni since its founding.

The University of Windsor has nine faculties, including the Faculty of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, the Faculty of Education, the Faculty of Engineering, Odette School of Business, the Faculty of Graduate Studies, the Faculty of Human Kinetics, the Faculty of Law, the Faculty of Nursing, and the Faculty of Science. Through its various faculties and independent schools, Windsor’s primary research interests focus on automotive, environmental, and social justice research, yet it has increasingly began focusing on health, natural science, and entrepreneurship research.


Windsor offers more than 120 majors and minors and 55 master’s and doctoral degree programs across nine faculties:

Faculty of Arts, Humanities & Social Science

Anthropology; Communication, Media and Film; Criminology; Dramatic Art; English; French; History; Language, Literature and Cultures; Labour Studies; Music; Philosophy; Political Science; Psychology; Social Work; Sociology; Visual Arts; Women’s Studies

Faculty of Education

Faculty of Engineering

Civil Engineering; Electrical and Computer Engineering; Environmental Engineering; Industrial and Manufacturing and Systems Engineering; and Mechanical, Automotive, Aerospace and Materials Engineering.

Odette School of Business

Accounting, Marketing, Management, Human Resources, Finance and Strategy

Faculty of Graduate Studies

Faculty of Human Kinetics

Sport Studies, Movement Science and Sport Management

Faculty of Law

Faculty of Nursing

Faculty of Science

Biological Sciences, Chemistry and Biochemistry, Computer Science, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Economics, Mathematics and Statistics, Physics, General Science.

University of Windsor also provide Inter-Faculty Programs offering cross-departmental majors like Forensics, Environmental studies and Arts & Science concentration. There are nine cooperative education programs for 1,100 students.

Faculty of Business, Odette Building.

The Faculty of Law is one of six in Ontario, and has a major teaching and research focus on Social Justice issues. It publishes two law journals the Faculty led Access to Justice and the student run, peer-reviewed Windsor Review of Legal and Social Issues.

Law students may study Human Rights Law, Poverty Law, Aboriginal rights law and legal issues affecting women, minorities and children. The faculty, in conjunction with Legal Aid Ontario, runs a downtown Windsor community legal clinic called Legal Assistance Windsor, that is staffed with supervising lawyers, law students, and social workers; it is aimed at meeting the legal needs of persons traditionally denied access to justice. This clinic operates in the area of landlord tenant law as well as social benefits.

The University of Windsor runs a second legal clinic, Community Legal Aid, located at the corner of Sunset and University. This clinic is a Student Legal Aid Services Society (SLASS) clinic, which is staffed primarily by volunteer law students and overseen by supervising lawyers, called review counsel. This clinic operates primarily in the areas of criminal law, landlord tenant law, and small claims court. The clinic offers free legal services to those who qualify financially and all students of the University of Windsor.

The faculty also has a joint, American Bar Association ABA-Approved program with the University of Detroit Mercy. The program is completed in three years with students taking courses at both the University of Windsor and the University of Detroit Mercy. Upon completion students earn both Canadian and American legal accreditation and can pursue licensing in any Province in Canada (aside from civil law in Quebec) and any State in the United States of America.

As of 2008, the University of Windsor is also home to a satellite campus of the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry of the University of Western Ontario. There are currently 92 medical students studying full-time at the Windsor campus.


Located in Canada’s traditional “automotive capital” across the border from Detroit, the campus is situated near the United States and its busy port of entry to and from the United States. It is framed by the Ambassador Bridge to the west and the Detroit River to the north.

The campus covers 51 hectares (130 acres) (contiguous) and is surrounded by a residential neighborhood. The campus features a small arboretum, which represents most of the species from the Carolinian forest. Campus is approximately a 10 minute drive from downtown Windsor. The CAW Student Centre has a view of the Ambassador Bridge, and houses retail stores, a food court and “The Basement”, the student-operated pub.

The St. Denis Centre, located at the south end of campus on College Avenue, is the major athletic and recreational facility for students; a weight room, exercise facilities and a swimming pool. The new South Campus Stadium built for the 2005 Pan-American Junior Games is beside the St. Denis Centre – which also has dressing rooms for Lancer teams – and borders Huron Church Road, the major avenue to and from the border crossing. The athletics department has become well known for Track & Field, and Men and Women’s Basketball. The majority of the Lancer teams made the playoffs this year (2010) and the program continues to grow in championship titles.